PREVALENCE OF PRE-DIABETES AMONG STUDENTS OF AYUB MEDICAL COLLEGE, ABBOTTABAD
BACKGROUND:The world is facing the challenge of combating Non-communicable diseases. One of the most important in the list of non-communicable diseases is Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes is not a single disease but a group of metabolic disorders occurring either due to decreased insulin secretion, or resistance to insulin actions on target tissues, or most commonly both.This study was conducted to know the number of students with Pre-diabetes.
METHODS: This cross sectional survey was conducted from March 2016 to June 2016 on MBBS and BDS students of both genders.Sampling technique was probability simple random. The socio-demographic data and data about family history, dietary habits, etc was collected through questionnaire. The blood sugar level was measured by students themselves after practicing the technique properly and under supervision with a standard Glucometer.
RESULTS:Out of 138 students, 129 were respondents and 15(11.6%) of them were found Pre-diabetics. Their ages ranged from 18 to 25 (mean 21.53 with standard deviation 1.73). Fasting blood sugar levels were 70 minimum and 108 maximum ( Mean 90.53 ±7.41). Pre-diabetics were more in male students as compared with female students. 11 male out of 78 total male students and 4 out of 51 female were found Pre-diabetics. Blood sugar level also increased with increase in BMI.
CONCLUSION:Increased BMI, decreased physical activity, and dietary habits showed an increase in the prevalence of prediabetes within the student population.
KEYWORDS:Prevalence, Impaired Fasting Glucose, Impaired Glucose Tolerance, Pre-diabetes, Diabetes.
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